Kasatha Language

What is now known as the Kasatha language is actually a pidgin language of four major languages from Kasath.

  • Shout (Ancient kingdom) 3,200 yrs; complex, words end in vowels, lots of different vowels; words of nature, and physical things
  • Blessing (Taken from the first syllable of the name of a province ("blessing+more")) 2,000 yrs; seperate alphabet, more consonants, with nasal sounds; words of profession, health and law
  • Wide River (Named after "Wide River City") 1,700 yrs; long vowels, less consonants; words of emotion, romance, poetry, imagination
  • Guest family (Named after nomadic people) 200 yrs; most different, shorter words, more throat and nasal; words of philosphy and cosmology

Numbers


1 - fa
2 - priof
3 - ĥiiq
4 - uutˤ
5 - kuf
6 - tho
7 - iinstuuʻ
8 - ĝifl
9 - dho
10 - di
11 - eiyy
12 - kleifah̀
13 - giuks
14 - ukhell
15 - iist
16 - upriuks
17 - proetˤ
18 - aed
19 - treus
20 - doetˤ
21 - doetˤfa “twenty-one”
400 - tultaa “fourhundred”
401 - tultaa fa “fourhundred one”
800 - priof tultaa “two fourhundred”
8000 - eida “eightthousand”

Glossary


a /a/ det. that
aal /aːl/ v. draw
aas /aːs/ adv. only, merely
ad /ad/ n. forehead, brow
aens /aens/ n. situation
ah /ah/ v. focus
am /am/ adv. especially
ar /ar/ n. table, desk
atˤ /atˤ/ adj. dry
aw /aw/ n. friend
baardˤ /baːrdˤ/ n. key
bek /bek/ v. smell (emit odour), stink
besm /besm/ n. rifle
bow /bow/ n. wine
bruurs /bruːrs/ adj. special
daesm /daesm/ n. stitch
dhotˤ /ðotˤ/ adj. real, authentic
dhuhau /ðuˈhau/ v. help, assist
dhurdˤ /ðurdˤ/ adv. else, otherwise
dih̀ /diʕ/ n. space, room (space)
diombi /diomˈbi/ v. contain, include
dirdˤ /dirdˤ/ n. party
doef /doef/ n. muscle
dˤeil /dˤeil/ v. surprise, astonish, startle
dˤui /dˤui/ n. field
eeĥ /eːħ/ n. chemical
eikspir /eiksˈpir/ adj. heavy, serious
eiq /eiq/ adj. white, blank, clear
eist /eist/ n. staff, crew
eub /eub/ n. parcel, package, bundle
fadhˤil /faˈðˤil/ v. react
faksti /faksˈti/ n. curtain
fra /fra/ n. voice
frill /frill/ n. pot
frist /frist/ n. queen
fuh̀to /fuʕˈto/ n. half
fumaa /fuˈmaː/ n. hate
funuu /fuˈnuː/ n. jewel, gem
fut /fut/ v. work
geu /ɡeu/ v. put
ĝirs /ɣirs/ n. term
glaes /ɡlaes/ n. student
graant /ɡraːnt/ adj. firm
griiĥeu /ɡriːˈħeu/ n. citadel
ĥaab /ħaːb/ prep. above
ĥaan /ħaːn/ n. job, task
ĥiidˤii /ħiːˈdˤiː/ n. thing, stuff, property, object
ĥiinskru /ħiːnsˈkru/ n. economy
h̀uuh̀ /ʕuːʕ/ v. own, possess
ʻens /ʔens/ n. team
ʻetˤ /ʔetˤ/ adj. large
ʻiism /ʔiːsm/ adv. however
i /i/ v. can
iid /iːd/ n. boss
iil /iːl/ n. pillow
iindui /iːnˈdui/ n. prey
iirbiu /iːrˈbiu/ n. row
iist /iːst/ num. fifteen
iiwa /iːˈwa/ v. occur
ink /ink/ v. appear
ioĝaa /ioˈɣaː/ n. bag, suitcase, baggage
iomkʷu /iomˈkʷu/ v. complain
ioreeb /ioˈreːb/ n. board
iosˤau /ioˈsˤau/ v. run
jeill /ʤeill/ n. support
jeirs /ʤeirs/ interj. hello
jiu /ʤiu/ adj. big, large
ke /ke/ v. hear
kesm /kesm/ n. anxiety
khaer /xaer/ v. produce, spawn
khium /xium/ v. keep, store, hold, support
kiiq /kiːq/ v. solve, figure out
kleistra /kleisˈtra/ n. song
kraa /kraː/ v. play (have fun)
ku /ku/ conj. because
kunsau /kunˈsau/ n. thunder
kʷiokspar /kʷioksˈpar/ n. coin
kʷoefl /kʷoefl/ n. dungeon
laaʻ /laːʔ/ v. develop, generate, advance, evolve
leeh̀ /leːʕ/ prep. inside
loonkiu /loːnˈkiu/ v. hunt
luufill /luːˈfill/ n. relationship
luum /luːm/ n. trip, fall, slip, tour
luutˤ /luːtˤ/ n. past
maĥ /maħ/ v. mention
mamkʷi /mamˈkʷi/ n. honor, dignity
mazʻ /mazʔ/ prep. near
mips /mips/ v. show, demonstrate, exhibit, present, introduce
mudˤii /muˈdˤiː/ n. violence
muyii /muˈjiː/ adj. careful
neila /neiˈla/ n. resident
neu /neu/ adv. where
oefl /oefl/ pron. everything
oerdˤ /oerdˤ/ n. knife
paab /paːb/ n. mess, rubble, debris, clutter
plafl /plafl/ n. hotel
plan /plan/ v. clear, clean
playy /plajj/ prep. along
qant /qant/ n. hope
qasm /qasm/ adj. round
qumplurs /qumˈplurs/ adj. comfortable
raasm /raːsm/ n. crime, felony
reeq /reːq/ n. card, ticket, license
ruu /ruː/ adv. how
ruurdˤ /ruːrdˤ/ v. teach, instruct, educate
ruuyy /ruːjj/ n. expert
shaal /ʃaːl/ n. battle, combat, clash
sifl /sifl/ adj. bright
sioba /sioˈba/ n. present, gift
skae /skae/ v. find, discover, detect, encounter
skiufl /skiufl/ n. hammer
spofl /spofl/ n. problem
spust /spust/ v. fix, mend, repair
ster /ster/ n. pile, heap
stiir /stiːr/ v. aim
stor /stor/ v. search, look up
sˤeel /sˤeːl/ n. mind, soul
sˤoonnui /sˤoːnˈnui/ n. insurance
sˤuulwu /sˤuːˈlwu/ v. worry
sˤuurdˤ /sˤuːrdˤ/ v. limp
ta /ta/ prep. down
taʻ /taʔ/ v. blow, kiss
tant /tant/ v. dream
tasm /tasm/ n. care
thefl /θefl/ v. cross
theq /θeq/ n. carcass
thiil /θiːl/ n. block
tho /θo/ num. six
toh̀ /toʕ/ n. weather
trae /trae/ v. follow
triurdˤ /triurdˤ/ n. uniform, costume
tuk /tuk/ det. both
tutsii /tutˈsiː/ adj. cool (fashionable)
tˤaust /tˤaust/ n. factor, variable
tˤuill /tˤuill/ n. glasses
uggoeda /uɡɡoeˈda/ adj. awful, terrible
uiĥ /uiħ/ v. explain, discuss, interpret, translate
ul /ul/ v. increase, expand, raise, enhance, extend
undii /unˈdiː/ v. behave (act)
uteu /uˈteu/ n. flood
uufl /uːfl/ n. figure
uule /uːˈle/ v. report, disclose
uuptofl /uːpˈtofl/ v. sit
uust /uːst/ v. guess, speculate, estimate, wonder, predict
uwo /uˈwo/ v. shock, startle, stun, surprise
weefl /weːfl/ n. sin
wuit /wuit/ n. girl, female
wuulnii /wuːlˈniː/ n. campaign
yiilii /jiːˈliː/ v. review, analyze, scrutinize
zau /zau/ v. could
zeeq /zeːq/ v. ride

a /a/ v. be (age)
aagak /ˈaːɣak/ v. travel, flee
aaȟi /aːˈʕi/ adj. quiet, subtle
aak /aːk/ v. move, come
aammi /ˈaːmmi/ adj. perfect, pure
aara /ˈaːra/ n. butter
aazʻ /aːzʔ/ v. rise
adaarba /ˈadaːrba/ n. darkness
aȟtˤis /ˈaʕtˤis/ v. hide, conceal
aʻii /aˈʔiː/ n. garden
ajuurdˤ /ˈaʤuːrdˤ/ n. fat
akhatˤa /aˈxatˤa/ adj. evident
am /am/ n. window
amill /ˈamill/ adj. painful
aq /aq/ v. jump, bounce
ardˤ /ardˤ/ pron. everyone
asˤa /aˈsˤa/ adj. rare
atu /aˈtu/ adv. rather
ayuq /ˈajuq/ v. record, register
ba /ba/ pron. his, its
badaan /ˈbadaːn/ n. growth
baguud /ˈbaɣuːd/ n. kitten
bahuwi /ˈbahuwi/ n. description
bajall /baˈʤall/ n. protection
bal /bal/ adv. instead
ban /ban/ v. cry
bardˤ /bardˤ/ n. nature
basˤaa /ˈbasˤaː/ adj. narrow
batˤ /batˤ/ adv. far, away
daa /daː/ prep. like
daada /daːˈda/ n. direction
daamasm /daːˈmasm/ adv. very, really
daat /daːt/ n. stick
dasm /dasm/ n. test
dhid /ðid/ n. process, procedure
dhih́aam /ðiˈħaːm/ prep. through
dhimas /ˈðimas/ prep. upon
dhira /ðiˈra/ v. masturbate
dhithaʻ /ˈðiθaʔ/ n. hallway, corridor
dhudhih /ˈðuðih/ n. liar
dhuʻiisˤa /ˈðuʔiːsˤa/ n. painter
dhukhab /ðuˈxab/ n. killer
dhuluutji /ðuˈluːtʤi/ n. dealer
dhuq /ðuq/ n. trader
dhushaȟ /ˈðuʃaʕ/ n. hunter
dhuyiiʻ /ðuˈjiːʔ/ n. employer
dˤuufl /dˤuːfl/ n. side
dˤuuwu /dˤuːˈwu/ v. ban, prohibit, exclude, omit
faab /faːb/ v. like
faad /faːd/ v. reach
faal /faːl/ adv. anyway
faardˤ /faːrdˤ/ n. fact
giik /ɣiːk/ n. fruit, seed
giir /ɣiːr/ n. attitude
guuh /ɣuːh/ n. advice
guur /ɣuːr/ adj. current
h́aadˤu /ˈħaːdˤu/ n. reversal
h́aas /ħaːs/ n. kettle
hib /hib/ n. bee
h́ifl /ħifl/ n. tree, wood, forest
hih́ah /hiˈħah/ adj. nice
ȟiida /ˈʕiːda/ n. device, appliance, equipment
ȟiimas /ˈʕiːmas/ n. summer
ȟiitja /ˈʕiːtʤa/ n. shark
hikhah́ /ˈhixaħ/ n. lizard
h́is /ħis/ n. unit
hu /hu/ pron. he, it
hudi /huˈdi/ n. niece
huȟ /huʕ/ n. chance, odds
hum /hum/ n. woman, female
ȟundi /ʕunˈdi/ n. meal, picnic
ȟus /ʕus/ v. breathe
hutˤ /hutˤ/ v. enter, invade
ʻih /ʔih/ n. tin
ʻiif /ʔiːf/ n. wife
ʻiimaar /ʔiːˈmaːr/ n. fashion
ʻim /ʔim/ n. guy
ʻirra /ˈʔirra/ v. shake
ʻiyy /ʔijj/ v. set
ʻuii /ʔuˈiː/ adv. so
ʻuq /ʔuq/ n. strategy
ʻusˤi /ˈʔusˤi/ n. siege
ib /ib/ adv. later
ifl /ifl/ n. river, stream, current
iia /ˈiːa/ n. afternoon
iih́iʻ /ˈiːħiʔ/ det. whatever
iimma /iːmˈma/ n. square
iis /iːs/ pron. who
jafl /ʤafl/ n. game, toy, sport
jaw /ʤaw/ n. bow (weapon)
juufi /ˈʤuːfi/ n. bench
juuʻusm /ˈʤuːʔusm/ adv. usually
juuq /ʤuːq/ pron. theirs
ka /ka/ prep. with (accompanied by), with (using)
kaah /kaːh/ prep. without
kaar /kaːr/ adj. big, large, huge
kaasm /kaːsm/ n. acid
kaf /kaf/ n. thread
kaʻ /kaʔ/ v. treat
kamuuddi /kaˈmuːddi/ v. abuse
kashaat /kaˈʃaːt/ n. boyfriend
katˤ /katˤ/ n. dinner
khab /xab/ v. kill, murder
khah /xah/ n. interview
khah́uȟ /ˈxaħuʕ/ n. wheel
khallaall /xaˈllaːll/ n. percent
kharbii /ˈxarbiː/ n. root
khatˤ /xatˤ/ adj. hot (attractive)
la /la/ prep. for (the purpose of)
laibaal /ˈlaibaːl/ adj. sticky
las /las/ v. cruise
luudhi /ˈluːði/ n. copper, bronze
luuli /ˈluːli/ n. reason, logic, rationale
luuyaq /ˈluːjaq/ n. rail
maafaa /maːˈfaː/ v. flirt
maaii /ˈmaːiː/ n. ticket
maar /maːr/ adv. off
maawwizʻ /ˈmaːwwizʔ/ v. state
madhii /ˈmaðiː/ n. tower
maȟ /maʕ/ v. cook (heat food), cook (prepare food)
zakriih́ /zaˈkriːħ/ n. witch
mat /mat/ det. many
matjurdˤ /ˈmatʤurdˤ/ v. catch, grab, arrest
mawwut /ˈmawwut/ n. transport
mib /mib/ n. fire
min /min/ n. moon
naa /naː/ n. school, academy
naah́ /naːħ/ n. rod, shaft, bar, arm
naam /naːm/ n. impulse
naatˤ /naːtˤ/ n. crown
nadhih /naˈðih/ n. lie
najud /ˈnaʤud/ adj. normal, regular
nan /nan/ adj. free
nawiijim /ˈnawiːʤim/ n. opening
qan /qan/ n. silence
qiif /qiːf/ adj. hard
quuʻ /quːʔ/ v. reveal, expose
quura /ˈquːra/ n. flower
quuw /quːw/ n. blade
raaii /ˈraːiː/ v. sew
ri /ri/ det. what
ril /ril/ v. stop
ritˤ /ritˤ/ n. mouth
saadhi /saːˈði/ n. costume
saall /saːll/ n. vision
saayim /ˈsaːjim/ n. volume
shah́ /ʃaħ/ n. lot
shakhall /ʃaˈxall/ adj. various
sharruunta /ʃaˈrruːnta/ adj. weak
sid /sid/ v. cough
sill /sill/ n. subject
sism /sism/ n. family, tribe, clan
sˤid /sˤid/ adj. fine
sˤirra /ˈsˤirra/ n. mountain, hill
sˤub /sˤub/ n. mistake, error
sˤuȟ /sˤuʕ/ n. appearance
sˤum /sˤum/ n. oven
sˤusm /sˤusm/ v. freeze
thuk /θuk/ n. cut
thus /θus/ v. stay, remain
tiidhuubbid /ˈtiːðuːbbid/ n. mess, clutter
tiin /tiːn/ n. husband
tiiqitˤ /tiːˈqitˤ/ v. chase, stalk
tiisuudhaa /ˈtiːsuːðaː/ n. mathematics
tuufl /tuːfl/ adj. sorry
tuuq /tuːq/ adj. guilty
tˤiifl /tˤiːfl/ n. culture, tradition
tˤiithaar /ˈtˤiːθaːr/ n. fight
tˤuh́ /tˤuħ/ pron. nothing
u /u/ n. state, condition
ufl /ufl/ n. matter, content
uh́ut /uˈħut/ n. scissors
un /un/ v. cook (prepare food)
urdˤ /urdˤ/ v. grow up
utˤ /utˤ/ prep. per
uzʻ thuh /uzʔ θuh/ n. infant
wiik /wiːk/ n. rank (position)
wiitu /ˈwiːtu/ adj. other
yii /jiː/ adv. up
yiih́ /jiːħ/ conj. though
yiisˤi /ˈjiːsˤi/ n. trousers, pants
yiiwa /jiːˈwa/ adj. weird, strange, bizarre, eerie, peculiar
zaaȟuu /ˈzaːʕu/ det. no
zaardˤ /zaːrdˤ/ n. spell (of magic)
zid /zid/ v. include
ziq /ziq/ conj. until

Derivational morphology


Adjective → adverb = If starts with vowel: Prefix kr-
Else: Prefix kruː-
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix sk-
Else: Prefix skeu-
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix m-
Else: Prefix ma-
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Prefix uː-
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = If starts with vowel: Prefix ɣ-
Else: Prefix ɣi-
Noun to verb = Prefix ui-
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Prefix loː-
Tending to = Prefix leː-
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix ʔ-
Else: Prefix ʔe-
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = Prefix i-
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = If starts with vowel: Prefix z-
Else: Prefix zeː-
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Prefix e-
Diminutive = Prefix a-
Augmentative = If starts with vowel: Prefix sˤ-
Else: Prefix sˤuː-

Pronouns


Nominative Accusative
1st singular fri /fri/
I fu /fu/
me
2nd singular wui /wui/
you (masc) ste /ste/
you
3rd singular masc uu /uː/
he, it to /to/
him, it
3rd singular fem qul /qul/
she, it laa /laː/
her, it
1st plural neism /neism/
we heiyy /heijj/
us
2nd plural tˤui /tˤui/
you all gliordˤ /ɡliordˤ/
you all
3rd plural the /θe/
they uih̀ /uiʕ/
them

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